IELTS ライティング エッセイタイプ別対策 Direct Question Essay

IELTS ライティング ー Direct Question Essayとは?

IELTSのライティング Task 2のエッセイの形式のひとつ、Direct Question Essayとは、質問文が2つあるタイプのエッセイです。

例えば、以下の設問はDirect Question Essayです。


Nowadays the way many people interact with each other has changed because of technology.
In what ways has technology affected the types of relationships that people make?
Has this been a positive or negative development?


クエスチョンマーク(質問文)がお題の中に2つあることが、Direct Question Essayの特徴です。

  • ボディー1には、1つ目の質問 “In what ways has technology affected the types of relationships that people make?” の答えを書きます。
  • ボディー2には、2つ目の質問 “Has this been a positive or negative development” の答えを書きます。

 つまり、構成はアドバンテージ(ボディー1)とディスアドバンテージ(ボディー2)を問われる "discussion essay" のようにとてもシンプルだと言えます。



2.Body 1:一つ目の質問についての回答

3.Body 2:二つ目の質問についての回答




Direct Question type のイントロの展開は?






In recent years, technology has dramatically changed the way of communicating with others. In this essay, I will discuss how technology has transformed the ways of communication and influenced relationships and the reasons I believe this development brings positive effects on our lives. 





「Direct Question 」のエッセイタイプは「Cause and Solution」のエッセイタイプと重なる時もあります。

 What are the causes of this? and what measures can be taken to solve the problem? のように聞かれる時もあるからです。

しかし、Direct Question type では問われる問題が、原因、解決策に限らないという違いがあります。

この場合も Cause and Solution essay と同じく、causes をボディー1に書き、その解決策 (measures) をボディー2に書きます。



② 自分の意見が聞かれるオピニオンエッセイの時に、イントロに自分の意見を入れてからエッセイのプランについても記載する生徒様がいらっしゃいますが、とても冗長的でしつこい印象を与えるのでやめましょう。


例】 Do you agree or disagree with this opinion? 


I agree with the statement that music can bring people together (and I will discuss the reasons for my view. )

※ここの ➡ (and I will discuss the reasons for my view. ) が余計で冗長的に聞こえてしまいます。



 Direct Question タイプのエッセイでは、2つの質問のうち1つが自分の意見を聞かれる事もあります。



その時は、「 I will discuss why people think owing a house is important and I believe this idea can bring negative influence on the society. 」と書くようにするとうまくまとまります。

┃Direct Question エッセイサンプル┃ 解答例



In some countries, owning a home rather than reading one is very important for people.

Why might this be the case? 

Do you think this is a positive or negative situation? 





It is true that  home ownership is an important status symbol in some societies. I will discuss why people think owing a house is important and I believe this situation can bring negative influence on the society. 


ボディー1:1つ目の質問、「Why might this be the case? 」の質問の答え


The reason why people think owing a property is important is that real estate is a perfect form of good long-term investment. That is, the value of accommodation is appreciating at an alarming pace in many major cities. Therefore, people wish to own it before they cannot afford to purchase and to invest their wealth in something more lucrative and profitable. Another reason would be that homeowners can get numerous benefits including tax deductions if they mortgage their property. Since a mortgage is considered a good debt, it is likely to increase their credit score.  Considering that owing a property is  a privilege in the society,  an increasing number of people wishes to have their own home. 


ボディー2:2つ目の質問、「Do you think this is a positive or negative situation? 」の答え


That being said, having a house is not all positive because homeowners cannot move one place to another easier than tenants who rent a property. In addition, many financial responsibilities and  long-term commitment come with the purchase and these can be heavy burden on the owners. More importantly,  land for housing in rural areas is rapidly exploited and natural habitats are destroyed. The more we demand for housing, more land is used for housing construction.  In this rapid development,  we cannot protect natural habitats that many wildlife depends upon. We need to share our planet to coexist with other living creatures. Ultimately, land is not all ours. 




In conclusion, home ownership is important because it can bring a lot of benefits to property owners, so many people want to own it rather than to rent , however, the increasing demand of housing construction affects natural habitats negatively due to the housing expansion in the countryside.   


301 words 


IELTS ライティング Task 2の5つのエッセイタイプと攻略法


  • Discussion / Discussion Opinion エッセイ (対策ページはこちら)
  • Opinion エッセイ (対策ページはこちら)
  • Cause and Solution エッセイ (対策ページはこちら)
  • Direct Question エッセイ (このページ)

IELTS ライティング Task 2のエッセイ対策なら

IELTS ライティング対策 MAE