IELTS ライティング┃エッセイタイプ別対策

IELTS ライティング6.5から抜け出す方法7

IELTS ライティング エッセイタイプーdiscussion essay

Discussion essay の書き方

 

Discussion essay ・・・

2つの対立する意見について書くタイプ。試験官が求めるのは、相反する2つの意見がどういうものであって、受験者が公平に、そして客観的に述べているかどうか。ここでは自分の意見は求められていないので絶対に入れないことです。

 

 

  Discussion essay type の例題】

 

An increasing number of students choose to spend time away from school to live abroad or

gain some other meaningful experience before attending college. What are the advantages and disadvantages of this choice?

DISCUSSION ESSAY の構成とテンプレート

 

イントロ:                      問題文のパラフレーズとエッセイのプランを述べる

ボディー1:     アドバンテッジかディスアドバンテッジかを述べる

ボディー2:     ボディー1で述べたのとは逆の方の意見を述べる

結論:        エッセイのまとめ

 

TIPS: どちらにも肩を持たずに、良い面と悪い面を平等に述べる必要があります。

 

A balanced view is super important!

 

イントロの例

In recent years, it is quite common for young adults having a gap year during their school years or after graduating from school. A year break for the students has both positive and negative effects, which will be discussed in this essay. 

 

⇒このように問題文の言い換えとエッセイのプランを言います。

 

BODY1の例

One of the advantages for this trend may involve the expansion of knowledge and experiences in that deciding to work or take a journey will give a broader view of life. Gaining experience abroad can also allow them to understand different cultures and ideas, which is particularly important in a diverse society we live in. Valuable working experience can give a sense of responsibility and understand their role in a team setting. Through these experiences, the young adults can have an opportunity to grow and be independent away from their family. 

 

⇒ここではadvantages を先に述べています。

 

BODY2の例

On the other hand, the experience of taking a gap year can make the young lose their interest in continuing study because of enjoying their life. For example, if they start working, it is difficult to resign once they gain specific knowledge and skill required for the job. The financial remuneration is very attractive for young people who are eager to buy items in trend.  Moreover, they may face some problems in adapting academic environment after spending a lot of time in work. Therefore, they probably think that it is better to pursue a career in particular jobs or do something different which can make this life full instead of going back to their studies at school. 

 

⇒ボディー2では disadvantages (上でadvantages だったので)を述べています。

 

結論―まとめ

In conclusion, having off time for young adults can have both disadvantages and advantages. Valuable experience can be gained during the year, however, they may not wish to continue their studies once they experience working and earn salary. 

 

⇒まとめでは、問題文の言い換えと、ボディーで論じた advantages と disadvantages を簡潔に述べて終わりにします。

自分の意見は必要とされませんが、もし入れたい場合は結論に入れることができます。

 

※その場合は

In conclusion, having off time for young adults can have both disadvantages and advantages. Valuable experience can be gained during the year, however, they may not wish to continue their studies once they experience working and earn salary. I personally believe that taking a gap year can enrich their life and make them prepare for challenges they will face in private and professional life. 

 

字数に問題がある場合にのみ、入れるのもひとつの手です。

 

まとめ:

 

DISCUSSION ESSAY タイプでは、どちらの意見も平等に論じる必要があります。イントロ、ボディー1&2、結論の構成は上記のようになりますので、まずは問題文を読んで、どのタイプのエッセイかを見極めてから構成を立てましょう。