IELTS 5.5の壁から抜け出す方法 3/4



3. アカデミック表現と口語表現が混じってしまっている




英語では register (言語使用域)もしくは tone と言いますが、エッセイの中で統一されている必要があります。



例えば、I hang out with the guy the other day. 


I socialized with the man several days ago. となります。


hang out は口語表現で文語ではありません。また guy も同様です。the other dayよりはseveral days ago の方がどちらかというとアカデミックです。





4. 接続詞などの文をつなぐ役割をする linking words が不適切に使用されていたり、もしくは不足していたり、多用されていたりする


接続詞の意味をもう一度確認してみましょう。また、文章と文章にlinking words がないと、いかに読みににくいか、の例を挙げます。


✖The blind date was a disaster. It was a complete debacle. I was intrigued by what my "friend" Sarah had told me about Bill;

→The blind date was more than a disaster. In fact, it was clearly a complete debacle. At first, I was somewhat intrigued by what my “friend” Sarah had told me about Bill;


読みやすくなりましたね。たかが linking words されど linking words です。





in contrast, while, whilst, on the contrary, on the other hand, meanwhile



although, though, even, even though, 



additionally, in addition, also, besides, furthermore, moreover, what is more, too, likewise



as a result, as a consequence, consequently, hence, therefore, thus, so that, accordingly, eventually



for example, for instance, take A for example, to illustrate, specifically, such as, to demonstrate



In other words, to put it another way, namely, that is, that is to say, once again, to clarify



certainly, definitely, clearly, by all means, in fact, undoubtedly, without a doubt



but, however, nevertheless, notwithstanding, despite, in spite of, and yet



If, given that, when, as long as, unless, in case, provided that, supposing that



In conclusion, to conclude, after all, finally, in summary, to summarize, therefore